Hedgehog “Color”

Determining the “Color” for each Hedgehog ~

The term “Color” is often used to describe the overall appearance of a particular hedgehog, but it is actually just one of four parts or categories that make up the overall “Color” name that is used to determine the actual appearance of a hedgehog. Since the term is used in two ways we will make the distinction by just saying Color when we are talking about the one category and putting quotes around the former.

The four categories that determine the overall “Color” of each hedgehog are:

  1. Variety
  2. Color
  3. Pattern
  4. Facial Markings

(Click on the links above to see more information about each category.)

All hedgehogs will exhibit a Variety and a Color, but may not have a Pattern. If the hedgehog does not have a Pattern this actually would be considered a Solid or Standard. A hedgehog that is a Solid or Standard will not have anything listed in the Pattern category in the overall “Color” name. Most hedgehogs will not exhibit a Facial Marking and this is left off the overall “Color” name unless the hedgehog does have a Facial Marking.

All hedgehogs with colored spines have banding on each spine so each individual spine is not solid. Each spine starts white at the base near the skin, then fades in and out of a color, and then the tips are all white. This is often mistakenly referred to as Salt & Pepper because the overall appearance of light and dark (salt and pepper), but this term actually refers to a rarer color of White-Belly Variety of Hedgehogs that are very dark (similar to an Algerian Black). The proper term for this banding on each spine (or hair in other animals) is agouti – most wild species of animals have agouti hair that helps give them a natural camouflage.


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