Hedgehog Patterns

Patterns ~

A hedgehog will exhibit one of three patterns:

  1. Solid or Standard
  2. Pinto
  3. Snowflake or White

It is possible for a single hedgehog to be both Pinto and Snowflake/White, but a Solid/Standard hedgehog cannot have another pattern.

Solid or Standard Pattern ~ A hedgehog that has only the “Agouti” or banded spines of any color and no all white spines is considered to have a Solid or Standard pattern (or no pattern at all). When listing the overall “Color” of a hedgehog that is Solid or Standard neither of those terms are included, instead the “Color” name stops after listing the Variety and Color (see the examples below).

Solid or Standard Hedgehog Examples ~

Algerian Dark Grey

Algerian Dark Grey

Algerian Chocolate

Algerian Chocolate

Algerian Champagne

Algerian Champagne

 

 

 

 

Pinto Patterns ~ The Pinto gene causes a hedgehog to have patches of pink skin that will only grow white spines and hair. This is the most varied Pattern of all three. Below are the current Pinto patterns seen today, but this list is constantly changing as new genes are brought out by breeders every year.

Slight Pinto ~  A Slight Pinto hedgehog has very small white patches or spots on its body – usually the spot is smaller than a quarter. The spot(s) may or may not be symmetrical on both sides of its body. This pattern can also have a Facial Marking, but usually has the normal facial masks of a Solid hedgehog.

Algerian Black Slight Pinto

Algerian Black Slight Pinto

Algerian Cinnamon Slight Pinto

Algerian Cinnamon Slight Pinto

Algerian Grey Slight Pinto

Algerian Grey Slight Pinto

 

 

 

 

Pinto ~ A Pinto hedgehog has white patches or spots on less than 50% of its body. Ideally the spots should be symmetrical on both sides of its body, but most often they are not symetrical. This pattern usually has the normal facial masks of a solid hedgehog, but can have Facial Markings as well.

Algerian Grey Pinto

Algerian Grey Pinto

Algerian Chocolate Pinto

Algerian Chocolate Pinto

Algerian Dark Cinnicot Pinto

Algerian Dark Cinnicot Pinto

 

 

 

 

High Pinto ~A High Pinto hedgehog has all white patches or spots on at least 50% to 75% of it body and less than 50% of its spines will be colored. This is the most unique Pinto Pattern of all – no two are alike. A hedgehog with this pattern may have Facial Markings or have the normal facial masks of a Solid hedgehog.  Some breeders call this pattern Uber Pinto or Tobiano Pinto.

Algerian Grey High Pinto

Algerian Grey High Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey High Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey High Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey High Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey High Pinto

 

 

 

 

Reverse Pinto ~ A Reverse Pinto hedgehog has all white patches or spots on more than 75% of a its body and less than 25% of its body has colored patches/spots. This color pattern always has an all White Face with one or both ears white/pink as well. However, eye patches are possible and actually quite common as well. Most will have Dark Eyes, but Dark Ruby Eyes are fairly common as well.

Algerian Dark Grey Reverse Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey Reverse Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey Reverse Pinto

Algerian Dark Grey Reverse Pinto – Spot only on Rear

Algerian Grey Reverse Pinto

Algerian Grey Reverse Pinto

 

 

 

 

 

Full Reverse Pinto ~ A Full Reverse Pinto hedgehog has no dark spines or spots at all. The eyes are usually Dark, but can be Dark Ruby. A heavy Pinto gene causes this pattern to occur and is not related to the Albino gene nor is it related to the Snowflake/White gene. Some breeders call this pattern Leucistic/Leukistic.

Full Reverse Pinto

Full Reverse Pinto

Full Reverse Pinto

Full Reverse Pinto

Full Reverse Pinto

Full Reverse Pinto

 

 

 

 

 

Snowflake and White Patterns ~ This is probably the most confusing of all the Patterns for someone just beginning to understand the “Colors” of hedgehogs – especially since two terms are used to describe the same gene (Snowflake and White). The Snowflake/White gene can be described basically as a person getting grey hair. It is also similar to a roan horse or breeds of horses that are born dark and start to get lighter hair as they mature (i.e. Lipizzans that are born dark and gradually turn completely white by the age of 6 to 10 years).

The Snowflake and White pattern is one and the same gene, the different terms refer to the amount of all white spines that are present on each individual hedgehog. This is a hard pattern to distinguish in babies since each hedgehog may begin to “snow” at a different age (even in the same litter). The time frame of when a hedgehog starts to “snow” can be anywhere from birth to over a year old (sometimes as late as 3 years old, but this is not as common). A hedgehog that has one or more Snowflake parents we will list as a “possible Snowflake” or “possible White”, etc. – even if it is not at the time of sale, since it is very possible for it to “snow” as late as a year of age and the degree of “snowing” is not known until a hedgehog is at least 6 months old and sometimes not until a year or more.

Unlike Pintos, the Snowflake and White Pattern gene causes the all white spines to be mixed with the banded spines and spread over the entire body and not in patches or spots. The degree to which a hedgehog “snows” is what determines whether it is called a Snowflake, High Snowflake, White, or Double White. Adding to the confusion with this gene is the fact that the actual Color name of a Snowflake or White patterned hedgehog is sometimes changed to names like Silver, Charcoal, and Platinum, but other Color names are kept the same as with the Solid/Standard and Pinto hedgehogs. And if that wasn’t bad enough, the new Color names are different for the Algerian and White-belly Varieties of Snowflakes and Whites. The following lists will not include all of the Color names for Snowflakes and Whites, but will give some examples of each degree of the gene. To see a complete list of all the Hedgehog “Colors” please visit the Hedgehog Central site which is considered by most breeders to be the definitive and official guide to Hedgehog Colors.

Snowflake ~ A Snowflake patterned hedgehog has a fairly even distribution of all white spines mixed with their banded spines. To be considered a Snowflake at least 50% of the spines should be all/solid white with the rest being banded with one of the base colors. (Note: A hedgehog that has some all white spines but less than 50% and has the Snowflake/White gene, we list as a Slight Snowflake.)

Algerian Grey Snowflake

Algerian Grey Snowflake

Algerian Dark Grey Snowflake

Algerian Dark Grey Snowflake

Algerian Grey Snowflake

Algerian Grey Snowflake

 

 

 

 

 

High Snowflake ~ A High Snowflake patterned hedgehog has at least 80% solid white spines and only 20% or less colored/banded spines. A baby that “snows” this much by the time it weans may possibly turn out to be a White, so we would list it as a “possible White”. This Pattern is often referred to by breeders as “Chocolate Chip”, but the correct usage of this term only applies to the White-belly Variety and the hedgehog must also be Chocolate in Color. In the darker Colors this Pattern does resemble Chocolate Chip ice cream.

Algerian Grey Snowflake

Algerian Grey Snowflake

Algerian Dark Grey High Snowflake

Algerian Dark Grey High Snowflake

Algerian Chocolate High Snowflake

Algerian Chocolate High Snowflake

 

 

 

 

 

 

White ~ A White patterned hedgehog has almost 100% solid white spines – fewer than 10 spines can be colored/banded and are usually located on the forehead. There are 10 – 11 different base Colors of White patterned hedgehogs possible depending on whether the Variety is Algerian or White-belly. Some of the new Color names are: Silver, Silver Charcoal, Charcoal, and Platinum. (Note: In younger hedgehogs with the White Pattern they may have dark tipped spines, but it will fade as they age and does not count towards the spines being colored/banded.)

White-belly Charcoal White

White-belly Charcoal White

Algerian Brown White

Algerian Brown White

Algerian Charcoal White

Algerian Charcoal White

 

 

 

 

Double White ~ A Double White hedgehog is very similar to a White but has 100% solid white spines – none of the spines are banded/colored at all. There are 10 – 11 different base colors of Double White possible depending on whether the Variety is Algerian or White-belly (they are the same as for the White Pattern in both Varieties). Some of the new Color names are: Silver, Silver Charcoal, Charcoal, and Platinum. (Note: In younger hedgehogs with the White Pattern they may have dark tipped spines, but it will fade as they age and does not count towards the spines being colored/banded.)

White-belly Charcoal Double White

White-belly Chocolate Double White

White-Belly Chocolate Double White

White-Belly Chocolate Double White

Algerian Grey Double White

Algerian Grey Double White

 

 

 

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